Comprehension

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If we want secondary students to comprehend what they read, we need to make sure they understand the individual sentences that make up the paragraphs of text they are reading.

Of course, before students can understand sentences, they must be able to read the individual words within those sentences. If a student still struggles to sound out words, assess to determine gaps in understanding and then include phonics instruction to help build automaticity.

Grammar and Sentence Structure

Many students do not understand how a simple sentence is constructed. They must be able to understand how sentences are constructed before they can put together entire paragraphs of information.

In our classroom, we generally teach grammar as a fun, low-pressure warm-up activity for the first ten minutes of class. We build on these skills in a specific progression:
Subject/Predicate
(this often includes an ongoing review of nouns and verbs)
Clauses
Prepositional Phrases
Compound and Complex Sentences

Grammar Resources

When you click the link to a file, you will be prompted to sign up for or log into Google. You can copy the file to your Google Drive so you can edit the files and share it with students. Please do not repost resources. Rather, direct people back to this page to copy resources directly. No resource on this website may be recopied or reprinted for profit.


Analysis

Students who have difficulty with reading comprehension can sometimes find it easier to practice analysis using pictures rather than text. Additional pictures can be found at the NY Times’ What’s Going on in This Picture website.

Level One: Identify specific objects in the picture and create a list. Then, practice asking questions about what is seen.
List and Question Model Lesson
List and Question Student Practice

Level Two: Includes the added step of writing an analysis sentence based on the details in the picture and building on students’ questions.
List, Question and Analyze Model Lesson
List, Question and Analyze Student Practice

More Coming Soon…


“Every man who knows how to read has it in his power to magnify himself, to multiply the ways in which he exists, to make his life full, significant, interesting”

Aldous Huxley


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